Difficulties in learning mathematics are known by the name of dyscalculia, this problem also affects other areas that should know.
What is dyscalculia?
It is called the difficulty to perform mathematical calculations and is often applied in academic settings, in cases of children or schoolgirls showing obvious difficulties for mathematics in general: they cannot or will cost a lot perform simple operations with numbers, such as subtraction, addition, multiplication … testamentary find it difficult mental arithmetic, even with simple numbers, and are often unable to understand the approaches to solve mathematical problems that put them in class.
Dyscalculia can start to look over the four years, when the second cycle of infant education begin educators to teach addition and subtraction to students, and become more evident from primary, where demands in mathematics courses require maturity cognitive level that children with these difficulties do not possess.
Children with this difficulty level in mathematics show a well below the average of their age. Other subjects can also be affected, as well as other general areas of psycho child development.
Why dyscalculia occurs?
There is no single trigger of dyscalculia. Let us approach possible causes.
From an exhaustive study by professionals (neurosciences have made much progress in this regard), we have to see to what extent there is a severe neurological injury in the nervous system of the child that keeps you from getting the fluidity of synapses (neuronal connections) requiring mathematical calculations.
Dyscalculia may be evident from a traumatic birth or a blow to the head by accident sequel. There are a brain “pathways” that are damaged and give the above symptoms.
Brain training is done in the early years and layers. Over the two years, it begins to have functionality the cerebral cortex, the last layer, and is responsible for reasoning, verbal and mathematical language. From this age it is developing increasingly this third level, which can enable man to higher levels of abstraction.
The ability to perform mental calculations operates with numbers, understand approaches to problems, and imagine possible solutions … are in this layer of the brain. When working this skill as children, they begin to create grooves or neural pathways remain forever engraved and determine the ways of thinking and understanding the world.
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Apart from these “wounds” to which I have referred, which may be in the brain, we can contemplate the possibility that these roads exist not simply for lack of use. They are cases where that has not been worked from the beginning with children these aspects (usually stimulated little children in general).
Dyscalculia may also be caused by emotional causes. These are cases where we see that the child has difficulties outlined above but not apparently see no obvious physical cause.
Consider your surroundings a bit and see if:
- There’s too much pressure from parents or teachers, educators.
- There is a single event that has destabilized the child.
- It is a very demanding child himself.
- It is a child who embarrasses to others, hangs in class.
In these cases, insecurity decrease cognitive ability and can lead to considerable blockages. When in class the child feels judged, capabilities not flow. It is easy to mistake with the calculations in general.
In other subjects this difficulty may be more hidden, but in mathematics is usually a requirement for specific answers and quickly than these insecure children struggle to give.
What can we do?
Early detection of dyscalculia is very important. If we see our child or student has significant difficulties when being introduced in their schooling small mathematical calculations, observe and let’s get in touch with professionals to help us put the problem well and make the approach or treatment.
A suitable therapeutic work allows, thanks to brain plasticity, remarkable improvements. In any case, the child must feel supported, understood and valued. Let’s see your strengths and facilitation their development.